Botswana, a landlocked country in Southern Africa, has a landscape defined by the Kalahari Desert and Okavango Delta, which becomes a lush animal habitat during the seasonal floods. The massive Central Kalahari Game Reserve, with fossilized river valley and undulating grasslands, is home to numerous animals including giraffes, Cheetahs, Hyenas and Wild dogs.
The country’s name means “land of the Tswana”, referring to the dominant ethnic group in Botswana. The term Batswana was originally applied to the Tswana, which is still the case. However, it has also come to be used generally as a demonym for all citizens of Botswana. Many English dictionaries also recommend the term Botswanan to refer to people of Botswana (note: Batswana find this term offensive).
Maun is a town on the Thamalakabe River in Northern Botswana. It’s the jumping-off point for the vast inland Okavango Delta, which becomes a lush wildlife habitat during the seasonal floods. In the delta, several camps dot the Moremi Game Reserve, which is home to Hippos, Lions, and Rhinos. In the town, Nhabe Museum features local art, plus history and culture exhibits about the surrounding Ngamiland region.
The Okavango Delta is a vast inland river delta in northern Botswana. It’s known for its grassy plains, which floods seasonally, becoming a lush animal habitat. The Moremi Game Reserve occupies the east and central areas of the region. Here, dugout canoes are used to navigate past hippos, elephants, and crocodiles. On dry land, wildlife includes Lions, Leopards, Giraffes and Rhinos. Private reserves with luxury safari camps are common around the delta’s many islands and lagoons: such as Moremi’s chief Island and Xakanaxa lagoon. Drive tours, horseback-riding safaris and flights over the delta’s extensive wilderness areas start from the southern gateway town of Maun. In the far north, the Okavango Panhandle is a narrow stretch of land fed by the Okavango River, popular with fishing enthusiasts. Boating and Bird watching are also popular on the waterways, which are flanked by reeds and palm trees.
The Makgadikgadi Pan, a salt pan situated in the middle of the dry savanna of north eastern Botswana, is one of the largest salt flats in the world. The pan is all that remains of the formerly enormous lake Makgadikgadi, which once covered an area larger than Switzerland, but dried up ten thousand years ago. Recent studies of human mitochondrial DNA suggest that modern Home Sapiens first began to evolve in this region some 200, 000 years ago, when it was a vast exceptional fertile area of lakes, rivers, marshes, woodlands and grassland especially favorable for habitation by evolving hominins and other mammals
Blessed with some of the greatest wildlife spectacles on earth, Botswana is one of the great Safari Destinations in Africa. Botswana’s principal tourist attractions are it game reserves, with hunting and photographic safaris on offer. Other attractions include the Okavango Delta Region, which during the rainy season is a maze of waterways, islands and lakes.
The Okavango Delta – there’s nowhere quite like it on earth. This is a place where Wildlife roam and rule, where the big cats and much bigger elephants walk free in one of the world’s last great wilderness. The Delta is a byword for abundance – for animal numbers, for variety of species, for the Birdlife, for floods of Biblical proportions. It is also a place of singular and unparalleled beauty where safari possibilities can seem as endless as the water itself.
The Tourism Industry helps to diversify Botswana’s economy from traditional sources such as Diamonds and Beef,
The Kalahari Desert, the largest unbroken stretch of sand on the planet, is not an ordinary desert. From the Salt Pans of Makgadikgadi, the Baobabs of Nxai Pan, and the spare magnificence of Kubu Island in the North, to the wonderful wildlife of Kgalagadi in the South, this is a desert of exceptional variety. Through in the fossil river valleys, swaying golden grasses, black-maned lions and the echoes of the indigenous San People in the Central Kalahari Game Reserve
Central Kalahari Game Reserve
Central Kalahari Game Reserve is an extensive National Park in the Kalahari Desert of Botswana. Established in 1961 it covers an area of 52,000 Km2, making it the second largest game reserve in the world. The Park contains wildlife such as Giraffes, Brown Hyena, Warthog, Cheetah, Wild Dogs, Leopards, Lions, Blue Wildebeest, Eland, Gemsbok, Kudu and Red Hartebeest.
Chobe National Park
Chobe National Park, in the northwest of Botswana, has one of the largest game concentration of on the African Continent, By size this is the third largest park in the country, after Central Kalahari Game Reserve and the Gemsbok National Park, and the most diverse. This is also the country’s first national Park
Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park
Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park is a large wildlife preserve and conservation area in Southern Africa. The Park straddles the border between South Africa and Botswana and comprises two (2) adjoining National Parks: Kalahari Gemsbok National Park in South Africa and Gemsbok National Park in Botswana. The total area of the park is 38, 000 Km2 (14, 668 square miles). Approximately three quarters of the park lies in Botswana and One Quarter in South Africa.
The Botswana Government’s National Conservation Strategy and Tourism Policy was created to promote tourism while protect wildlife areas. Citizens of the United States, South Africa, British Commonwealth countries but not India, and most Western European Countries do not need visas for stays of less than 92 days. Passport are required for travel in the country. Proof of Yellow fever and Cholera immunizations are required of tourists from infected Areas.